A thin rubber latex barrier that fits over the erect penis and catches the sperm when the male ejaculates. Condoms are best used with water based lubricant. There is a 2-15% chance of getting pregnant when using a condom. Condoms are available free from Anamata.
Latex free condoms are available for those who are allergic to latex. These may not be free.
Depo Provera (The Jab)
An injection of one hormone- progestogen- that stops ovaries from releasing an egg each month. The chance of getting pregnant is less than 1%, and one injection lasts 12 weeks.
The Contraceptive Pill
- The combined pill (the ‘pill’) is made of two hormones- oestrogen and progestogen- which stops ovaries from releasing an egg each month. There is 1-3% chance of getting pregnant on the combined pill.
- The progestogen-only pill (the ‘mini pill’) contains only progestogen. This pill works mainly by thickening the mucus in the cervix, and it suitable for women who cannot take the combined pill. There is a 1-4% chance of pregnancy when using the mini-pill.
The Emergency Contraceptive Pill (Morning After Pill)
A hormone pill which reduces the chance of pregnancy after unprotected sex by delaying ovulation or stopping sperm reaching an egg. The chance of getting pregnant is 1-2%.
The ECP should be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex but is more effective the sooner it is taken.
The ECP does not cause abortion.
In Taupo/Turangi district the ECP available from Anamata, pharmacies, GPs, school nurses and is free if you are under 25 years old.
The Intrauterine Device
Otherwise known as IUD. a small plastic and copper device put inside the uterus by a doctor. An IUD stops sperm reaching an egg. There is a 1% chance of getting pregnant while using the device.
There is another IUD called Mirena, which releases a hormone that can help with heavy periods.
Talk to your nurse or doctor for more information.
These little rods are put under the skin of your arm and release a small amount of progestogen hormone every day. They may change your bleeding pattern. They are put in and removed by an experienced doctor or nurse. They are more than 99% effective and last up to five years.
Check out Family Planning for more information.